How Does Photon Therapy Work?
Photon therapy emits packets of light called photons. Photons break the painful inflammatory cycle by dilating small blood and lymphatic vessels. This increase in circulation removes the irritating inflammatory products and results in accelerated healing and pain relief. The immune system and nervous system are also stimulated by photons, which increases activity and leads to faster repair of damaged tissues.
Numerous tests show that the increase in circulation and reduction in pain associated with the use of photons is the result of an increase in the release of nitric oxide directly under the neurotransmitter.
60 years ago, Furchgott (et al JPETT 113:22, 1955) demonstrated the ability of photo energy to induce vasorelaxation. Furchgott, Ignatto, and Murad were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1998 for their work in identifying nitric oxide as the molecule responsible for regulating blood pressure.
The Science Behind It
Photon, or near-infrared light therapy works at the cellular level in a phenomenon known as Photobiomodulation. Photons stimulate cytochrome-c oxidase, an enzyme associated with the third part of the electron transport chain inside the mitochondria. Cytochrome-c oxidase in turn causes increased levels of ATP synthase, an enzyme associated with the fourth part of the electron transport chain. ATP synthase synthesizes ATP production which has a cascade of beneficial effects at the cellular level.
How Many Treatments Are Needed?
This varies based on many factors, including chronicity of disease, strength of immune system, frequency of treatments, and much more. A series of 4 treatments is usually administered to evaluate effectiveness and determine the appropriate number of additional sessions. High resolution infrared images may be taken before and after the initial treatment to clearly detail blood circulation and the effect of Photon Therapy.